Tag Archive | "prostatitis"

Prostatitis and Your Diet

Prostatitis is an inflammation or infection of the prostate gland. It can cause abnormal urinary frequency and urgency, painful urination and ejaculation and if left untreated, chronic, recurrent symptoms. This common disorder affects approximately 10% of men. In addition to medication and nutritional supplements, certain diet additions can help alleviate the symptoms of and prevent prostatitis.

These nutrients and foods are beneficial for prostate health:

Vitamin C – Found in spinach, citrus fruits, red berries, kiwi, red and green bell peppers, tomatoes, strawberries, cabbage, and broccoli.

Zinc – Good sources include high protein foods such as red meat, fish and shellfish, dairy products, nuts, whole wheat foods, and legumes.

Saw Palmetto Berry – Can be steeped into a tea, or found in nutritional supplements.

Lycopene – Found in tomatoes.

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Prostatitis Diet – Foods that Irritate the Prostate

Prostatitis is condition where the prostate gland is inflamed or infected. Symptoms include frequent urination, burning or pain when urinating, feeling of not emptying the bladder completely, fever/chills and low back pain.

There are certain foods that can trigger or worsen the symptoms of prostatitis. It is important to notice whether certain foods trigger your symptoms and stay away from these foods to help reduce or alleviate prostatitis symptoms.

Below is a list of foods that irritate the prostate and it may be wise to avoid these foods –

Spicy Foods – The oils in the peppers concentrate in the prostate and this can lead to irritation.

Alcohol – When you have prostatitis, your doctor will advise that you increase your fluid intake. Alcohol is dehydrating which is contrary to your doctor’s recommendation.

Citrus Juice – The acid in the citrus juice irritates the urethra. You may find that citrus juices worsen your symptoms while citrus fruits do not. Tomato and tomato juices can make your condition worse as these too are very acidic.

Caffeine – Caffeine is a diuretic. The frequent urination that is caused by the consumption of caffeine can irritate the prostate. Caffeine can also cause dehydration.

Fried Foods – The prostate is easily affected with the amount of calories and fat that is absorbed in the fried food.

Also avoid foods that can cause food allergies or food sensitivity as according to some research, allergy is considered one of the major causes of chronic non-bacterial prostatitis.

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Acute Prostatitis

Acute prostatitis is a rapidly-developing inflammation or infection of the prostate gland.


Acute prostatitis is generally a result of bacterial infection. Some sexually transmitted diseases such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause acute prostatitis, especially in men younger than 35. If caused by an STD, the symptoms will usually appear soon after exposure to the infected partner. For men over 35, prostatitis is often caused by E. coli infections occurring spontaneously or after epididymitis, urethritis, and urinary tract infections. Additionally, acute prostatitis may occur from trauma to the prostate or urethra.

Who is at risk?

Men ages 20-35 who have multiple sexual partners or unprotected anal intercourse are at high risk for developing acute prostatitis. Men ages 50 or over who have benign prostatic hyperplasia (an enlarged prostate) are also at an increased risk due to their susceptibility to urinary tract infections.


An infection in or around the testicles may be present, especially if the prostatitis was caused by an STD. Generally, symptoms begin quickly and cause great discomfort. They include:

-Burning with urination

-Abdominal pain

-Inability to completely empty the bladder

-Pain with urination, bowel movement, or ejaculation

-Fever, chills, flush

- Blood in semen or urine.


The majority of acute prostatitis cases are resolved completely with medication, diet, and behavioral changes. Your doctor may prescribe you antibiotics and stool softeners to reduce pain that occurs during bowel movements. Doctors recommend that prostatitis patients urinate often and completely to decrease symptoms. Warm baths may also relieve lower back and abdominal pain. Substances that can irritate the bladder should also be avoided, such as alcohol, caffeine, tobacco, hot or spicy foods, and citrus fruit and juices. Water intake should be increased to 64-128 ounces per day to help cleanse bacteria from the bladder.

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Bacterial vs. Non-bacterial Prostatitis

The inflammation of the prostate, or more commonly known as prostatitis can either be infectious or non-infectious.  Infectious prostatitis is primarily caused by bacteria and therefore can be treated with antimicrobial medication.  Non-infectious or non-bacterial prostatitis, as the name suggests,  cannot be treated with antimicrobial medication.  The cause is unknown but this condition affects a majority of prostatitis patients, making it very frustrating to men whose lives are adversely affected.

In cases of acute bacterial prostatitis, the onset is sudden and severe, often accompanied with fever and chills.  In these cases, a visit to the doctor or even to the emergency room is usually necessary.    With chronic bacterial prostatitis,  the symptoms are just recurring and would be alleviated by antibiotics or antimicrobial medication.

Despite the term, bacterial prostatitis is not contagious.  It is not known exactly how the prostate becomes infected.  It is possible that the bacteria comes from the urethra via the backflow of  infected urine or even from rectal bacteria.   It can also be caused by coliform bacteria migrating from the intestinal tract.

The risk for prostatitis are increased with certain conditions such as:

- an abnormal urinary tract

- a recent bout of urinary tract infection (UTI) or bladder infection

- an enlarged prostate

- engaging in rectal intercourse

- the use of a urinary catherer or similar instrument inserted for a medical procedure


While some patients experience no symptoms at all, symptoms can range from mild to severe, including, difficulty urinating, frequent urination especially at night,  burning/painful urination,  low back pain, painful prostate, swollen prostate, pain during intercourse/ejaculation, blood in urine, fever, and chills.   When the symptoms are severe, it is best to seek medical help immediately.


The correct diagnosis is key to getting the proper treatment.  Non-bacterial prostatitis will not improve with bacterial medication and vice versa.  With acute bacterial prostatitis, bacterial medication can eliminate infection in 7-14 days.  Pain medication (analgesic)  can also be taken at the onset of treatment to help alleviate the pain.  Other home remedies such as bedrest and staying hydrated are also recommended, but if the pain is severe, hospitalization may be required.

A longer period of time usually up to 12 weeks may be required for antimicrobial medication to work in cases of chronic bacterial prostatitis.

For non-bacterial prostatitis, a number of treatments may be employed, depending on the symptoms:

- home remedies such as warm baths

- diet changes, including:

> consuming more fish, soy, tomatoes, fresh fruits, steamed vegetables, whole grains

> consuming less alcoholic and caffeinated drinks, less red meat and fatty foods, avoiding acidic foods

> taking natural supplements that are known to have anti-inflammatory properties

- lifestyle changes, such as:

> avoiding riding bicycles, prolonged sitting

> staying active, exercising

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Prostate Infections

The prostate gland is a part of a man’s reproductive system, secreting fluids that help transport sperm. The gland lies just below the bladder and surrounds the urethra-the tube that drains the bladder.

Infection that irritates the prostate can inflame the gland, causing swelling. Prostate infections or prostatitis occurs most often in men aged 30-50 years but can occur in older men.

  • Prostatitis is classified into 4 types. Of these, infection causes the first 2 syndromes listed. No one is sure what causes the other syndromes.
  1. Acute bacterial prostatitis
  2. Chronic bacterial prostatitis
  3. Chronic abacterial prostatitis
  4. Prostatodynia (pain in the prostate gland)
  • A recent Wisconsin survey estimated the incidence of prostatitis at 6%. A population-based study found the prevalence rate to be higher than 8%.
  • Half of all men are estimated to develop symptoms of prostatitis at some time in their lives. In 1985, more office visits occurred for prostatitis than for either benign prostatic hypertrophy or prostate cancer. In the early 1990s, prostatitis resulted in 2 million office visits per year in the United States. It is the most common urologic diagnosis in men younger than 50 years.
  • In spite of it being a common and an important problem, prostatitis is poorly studied and not well understood.

Prostate Infections Causes

Bacterial infections cause only 5% of cases of prostatitis. In the other 95%, the cause is not known.

  • Different organisms, fungi, genital viruses, and parasites have been implicated. Some have familiar names such as Escherichia coli (E coli).
  • Rarely staphylococcal and streptococcal organisms have been found to be the cause.
  • The disease can reach the prostate in 2 ways.
  1. The bacteria from a previous urethral infection move through prostatic ducts into the prostate.
  2. Movement of infected urine into the glandular prostate tissue can infect via ejaculatory and prostatic ducts.


Prostate infections can be acute or chronic.

Acute bacterial prostatitis:

Because acute prostate infection often is associated with infections in other parts of the urinary tract, symptoms include the following:

  1. Increased urinary frequency
  2. Urgency to pass urine
  3. Pain with urination
  4. Difficulty producing a normal stream
  5. Pain in your genital area
  6. Pain with ejaculation
  7. Generalized symptoms that should not be ignored include the following:
    • High fever and chills
    • Generalized malaise and fatigue
    • Examination reveals an enlarged, tender, warm, firm, and irregular prostate.
    • The doctor should not perform a vigorous digital exam of your prostate to prevent possible spread of the infection to your bloodstream.

Chronic bacterial prostatitis:

This disease is a common cause of recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in men. Typically, the same strain of bacteria in prostatic fluid or urine will cause the same infection to persist or recur.

Symptoms may be similar to acute bacterial prostatitis but are less intense. They include the following:

  1. Increased urinary frequency along with pain and difficulty urinating
  2. Pain in your lower back, testes, epididymis, or penis
  3. Sexual dysfunction
  4. Low-grade fever, joint pains, and muscle aches
  5. Examination may reveal urethral discharge and tender testes, or epididymis.

Stress and depression are very common in men with this condition. It is not clear whether psychological concerns cause this problem or vice versa.

When to seek medical care:

Contact your doctor for any of the following symptoms. These symptoms are even more significant if accompanied with high fever and chills:

  • Urinary burning or pain
  • Difficulty passing urine
  • Difficulty or pain when starting urination
  • Pain in your genital area
  • Pain with ejaculation

Doctors usually diagnose and treat prostate infections on an outpatient basis. If you develop high fever with chills or a new onset of difficulty in urinating, go to a hospital’s emergency department.

Article courtesy of emedicinehealth.

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Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CPPS)

Although prostatitis is often described as an infection of the prostate, it can also be an inflammation with no sign of infection.  In fact, only 5% to 10% of cases are actually caused by bacterial infection. It does not raise the risk of getting prostate cancer.

The condition affects men of all ages. According to the National Institutes of Health, prostatitis may account for up to 25% of all office visits for complaints involving the genital and urinary systems from young and middle-aged men. It is  the number-one reason men under the age of 50 visit a urologist.

The most common form of Prostatitis is Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome  which accounts for 90% of the cases. The condition is marked by urinary and genital pain for at least three of the past six months. Patients have no bacteria in their urine, but may have other signs of inflammation. The condition can sometimes be confused with interstitial cystitis (a chronic inflammation of the bladder).

Treatments for chronic noninfectious prostatitis may include the use of the alpha blocker drugs which relax the muscles of the prostate and bladder to improve urine flow and alleviate symptoms.  Some people may benefit from lifestyle changes including avoiding spicy foods, caffeine or acidic drinks. Activities  such as bicycling which aggravate the condition, may need to be eliminated as well.

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Definition of Prostatitis

Prostatitis: Inflammation of the prostate gland, a very common health concern, accounting for up to 25% of all medical office visits by young and middle-age men for problems relating to the genital and urinary systems.

The prostate is a small organ about the size of a walnut that is situated below the bladder (where urine is stored) and surrounds the urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder). The prostate normally produces a fluid that becomes part of the semen, the white fluid that contains the sperm.

There are 4 types of prostatitis:

•           Acute bacterial prostatitis is the least common type. It often causes chills, fever, pain in the lower back and genital area, body aches, burning or painful urination, and the frequent and urgent need to urinate. The urinary tract is infected, witness the white blood cells and bacteria in the urine. Treatment is with antibiotics.

•           Chronic bacterial prostatitis is also relatively uncommon. It is acute prostatitis superimposed on a defect in the prostate, which becomes the focal point for the persistent bacterial infection. Effective treatment requires identification and correction of the defect in the prostate and then antibiotics.

•           Nonbacterial prostatitis is the most common and least understood form of prostatitis. It is a chronic, painful condition. Symptoms go away and then come back without warning. The urine and fluid from the prostate show no evidence of a known infecting organism, but the semen and other fluids from the prostate contain cells that the body usually produces to fight infection. Treatment with antibiotics and drugs that relax the muscles of the prostate gland often fails. This form of prostatitis can be associated with other diseases, such as Reiter syndrome.

Prostatodynia is similar to nonbacterial prostatitis with regard to symptoms, age of patients, and ineffectiveness of treatment. However, there are no objective findings, such as the presence of infection-fighting cells, in the urine of men who suffer from prostatodynia.

Article courtesy of Medicinenet.com

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